Marie Curie (1867-1934)


Polish scientist, was born in Warsaw, in November 7th 1867, and died in France, in 4th July 1934.

Her single name was Maria Sklodowska. In Paris, Marie graduated in Mathematical and Physical Sciences. She got married in 1835 with the French physicist Pierre Curie. In 1896, H. Becquerel suggested the theme of her Ph.D. thesis the study of natural radiation from uranium salts. During her work, the Curie couple discovered and isolated a new radioactive element named polonium in honor to Marie's home land. A few months later, they were able to isolate radium for the first time. Together with Becquerel, she obtained the Nobel Prize of Physics in 1903. Founded the Radium Institute of Paris, being the main responsible until her death. In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize of Chemistry

Soon after her death, the book Radioactivité was published, combining her work of several years. This book is still the basis of studies on classical radioactivity.