Michael Faraday (1791-1867)
English chemist and physicist who was born in Surrey, in September 22nd 1791 and died in Hampton Court, in August 25th 1867.
His interest for Science only arose after attending some conferences of Davy in the Royal Institution. Davy appointed him assistant in the Institute, where most of his research work was developed. Faraday has an enormous scientific work, being of the great names of science of the 19th century. In 1831 discovered the electromagnetic induction and in 1833 studied the problems of electrolysis performing basilar discoveries and introducing the concepts of electrolysis, cathode, anode, ion, etc. Later on, studied the electrostatic induction, being responsible for the construction of the first Faraday cage. Finally, discovered in 1845 the rotating magnetic polarization, of enormous importance to modern magnetism.