Ferdinand Frederic Henri Moissan (1852-1907)
French chemist, was born in Paris, in 1852 and died in 1907.
Studied in the Agronomy Institute of Paris and later in the Toxicological Institute. In 1900 became professor at the Sorbonne. His first studies were related with biology chemistry. However, his work became more related with inorganic chemistry. In 1886, prepared, for the first time, fluorine by electrolysis of a solution of potassium fluoride and fluoridric acid, with platinum-iridium electrodes. Determined the properties of fluorine and along with Dewar, obtained the first samples of liquid and solid fluorine. In 1892, Moissan designed the first electrical oven used to prepare calcium, silicon and tungsten carbides. In 1896, prepared artificial diamonds for the first time.
Moissan was awarded the Nobel Prize of Chemistry in 1906.