John William Strutt Rayleigh (1842-1919)
English physicist and mathematician, born in Essex (Langford Grove), in 1842, and died in Witham, in 1919.
Rayleigh was Physics Professor at the University of Cambridge and at the Royal Institution. His work was performed in the domains of acoustics, optics, electricity and thermodynamics. In 1904 Rayleigh was awarded with the Nobel Prize of Physics.