Irène Joliot-Curie (1897-1956)

French physicist, was born in Paris, in September 12th 1897, daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie. Died in Paris at March 17th 1956.

Studied at the Sorbonne and was a nurse in the 1914-18 World War. Her first scientific paper appeared in 1921. Irène worked at the Radium Institute of the University of Paris, where she met Jean Frédéric Joliot, her future husband in 1926. Together they won the Nobel Prize of Chemistry in 1935 for their works in the artificial induction of radioactivity. In 1936, Irène worked as a research secretary in Léon Blum's government. However, she decided to concentrate in her scientific work, that continued even during the German occupation of France in World War II. In 1944, ran away to Switzerland due to the communist ideas of her husband. Irène was also expelled from the French Atomic Energy Commission, in 1951.