Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie (1900-1958)


French physicist, whose bachelor's name was Jean Frédéric Joliot, was born in Paris in March 19th 1900 and died in Paris, in August 14th 1958.

Graduated in the École de Physique et de Chimie, Paris, in 1923. In 1925, became assistant of Marie Curie in the Radium Institute. In the following year married Curie's daughter, Irène Curie. Together they won the Nobel Prize of Chemistry in 1935, for the artificial production of radioactive substances. Jean Frédéric was appointed professor of the Collège de France in 1937. In 1939, became captain of the French Artillery, leading all the experiences with radium. In 1940, along with Irène, collaborated in the chain-reactions studies of nuclear fission.

During the German occupation of France in World War II continued his work, organizing an important resistance movement at the University of Paris. In 1946, General Charles of Gaulle appointed him Commissary of Atomic Energy and was French delegate for the Commission of the United Nations of Atomic Energy, in New York. In 1948, announced the discovery of a new particle in the atomic nucleus called "lambda mesatron". He registered in the French Communist Party in 1940, and, due to his political convictions, was forced to dismiss his institutional positions. In 1951, received the Stalin's Peace Prize, awarded by the Soviet Union. In 1956, Joliot-Curie became member of the Central Committee of the French Communist Party, and in the same year was appointed professor of Nuclear Physics.