Carbon


Diamond, Pencils graphite
Electrodes
Steel
Nuclear Plant Control
Plastics

Carbon is an indipensable element in industry. By far, the greatest single use of carbon is in the form of coke for the iron and steel industry. The major portion of this coke is used in the reduction of iron ore in blast furnaces.

As in the rubber industry, the major applications for carbon blacks are in the printing ink, paint, paper and plastic industries. Minor amounts are used in the manufacture of dry cells and carbon brushes, and as insulation.

The largest single application for gas phase activated carbons is in the recovery of volatile organic solvents from air or vapor mixtures. Another large application is in the purification and separation of natural and industrial gases.

Main applications for pyrographite and the fiber forms of manufactured graphite are found as components for rockets, missile and other aerospace vehicles.