Vanadium is widely distributed in Nature, and can be found in charcoal and in crude oil. It can also be found in some ores, like pathronite, a vanadium sulfide, that can be extracted in the Mina Ragra in Peru. As these deposits are being consumed and the vanadium needs increases, the metal began to be extracted from another minerals, such as carnotite (Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico) and some titan-ferrous magnetite.

Other vanadium minerals, although of smaller importance, are the bravoite (Mina Ragra, Peru), the sulvanite (Australia), the roscoelite (Colorado and Utah, EUA), the davidite (Australia), the uvanite (Utah, USA) and the vanadinite (Mexico and Argentina).