Gallium: Properties


Atomic

  • Atomic Mass: 69.723
  • Electronegativity:
    • Pauling: 1.81
    • Allred: 1.82
    • Absolute: 3.2 eV
  • Electron Affinity: 30 kJ mol-1
  • Polarizability: 8.1 3
  • Effective Nuclear Charge:
    • Slater: 5
    • Clementi: 6.22
    • Froese Fischer: 6.72
  • Radius:
    • Ga 3 +: 62 pm
    • Ga 1 +: 113 pm
    • Atomic: 122.1 pm
    • Covalent: 125 pm
  • Successive Ionization Energies:
    • Ga - Ga + : 578.8 kJ mol-1
    • Ga+1 - Ga+2 : 1979 kJ mol-1
    • Ga+2 - Ga+3 : 2963 kJ mol-1
    • Ga+3 - Ga+4 : 6200 kJ mol-1
    • Ga+4 - Ga+5 : (8700) kJ mol-1
    • Ga+5 - Ga+6 : (11400) kJ mol-1
    • Ga+6 - Ga+7 : (14400) kJ mol-1
    • Ga+7 - Ga+8 : (17700) kJ mol-1
    • Ga+8 - Ga+9 : (22300) kJ mol-1
    • Ga+9 - Ga+10 : (26100) kJ mol-1
  • Common Ions : Ga 3 +, Ga 1 +