Tin: Properties


Atomic

  • Atomic Mass: 118.71
  • Electronegativity:
    • Pauling: 1.96
    • Allred: 1.72
    • Absolute: 4.3 eV
  • Electron Affinity: 116 kJ mol-1
  • Polarizability: 7.7 3
  • Effective Nuclear Charge:
    • Slater: 5.65
    • Clementi: 9.1
    • Froese Fischer: 11.1
  • Radius:
    • Sn 2 +: 93 pm
    • Sn 4 +: 74 pm
    • Atomic: 140.5 pm
    • Covalent: 140 pm
    • Sn 4 -: 294 pm
  • Successive Ionization Energies:
    • Sn - Sn + : 708.6 kJ mol-1
    • Sn+1 - Sn+2 : 1411.8 kJ mol-1
    • Sn+2 - Sn+3 : 2943 kJ mol-1
    • Sn+3 - Sn+4 : 3930.2 kJ mol-1
    • Sn+4 - Sn+5 : 6974 kJ mol-1
    • Sn+5 - Sn+6 : (9900) kJ mol-1
    • Sn+6 - Sn+7 : (12200) kJ mol-1
    • Sn+7 - Sn+8 : (14600) kJ mol-1
    • Sn+8 - Sn+9 : (17000) kJ mol-1
    • Sn+9 - Sn+10 : (20600) kJ mol-1
  • Common Ions : Sn 2 +, Sn 4 +, Sn 4 -